Erasmus+ Program is the European Union's grant program in the fields of education, youth and sports. It supports education, training, internship, professional development, non-formal learning-based youth activities and collaborations between institutions abroad. The program, which was implemented between 1985-2006 under the name Socrates, between 2007-2013 under the name of Lifelong Learning, continued under the name Erasmus+ between 2014-2020. Upon the successful implementation of the program in the 2014-2020 period, Erasmus+ will continue to strengthen its efforts to create opportunities for more participants and a wider range of organizations, with a focus on quality, more inclusive and harmonious, greener and digital emphases between 2021-2027.
The program consists of an EU Budget of more than 2021 billion Euros for seven years (2027-26). The European Commission is responsible for the implementation of the Erasmus+ Programme. It manages the budget and continually sets priorities, objectives and criteria for the Programme. The implementation of the Erasmus+ Program is mainly implemented as Indirect Management, ie the European Commission entrusts the budget implementation tasks to the National Agencies; the rationale for this approach is to bring Erasmus+ as close as possible to its beneficiaries and adapt to the diversity of national education, training and youth systems. To this end, each EU Member State or third country associated with the Program has appointed one or more National Agencies (for contact details please see the link below: (https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/erasmus-plus/ contact_tr). These National Agencies promote and implement the Program at national level and act as liaisons between the European Commission and participating organizations at local, regional and national level.
With the Erasmus+ Program, it is aimed to provide people with new skills regardless of their age and educational background, to strengthen their personal development and to increase their employment opportunities. The activities supported under the Erasmus+ Program are basically grouped under 3 Key Actions (Key Action, KA) and the Jeanne Monnet special action:
KA1 – MOBILITY OF INDIVIDUALS
Mobility of Individuals in the Youth Field
Mobility of Individuals in the Field of Education
- KA122-SCH:School Education
- KA122-VET:Vocational Education
- KA122-ADU:Adult Education
- KA131-HED:Higher Education (Programme Countries)
- KA171-HED: Higher Education(International Mobility)
KA2 – COOPERATION BETWEEN INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS
Cooperation Partnerships in the Field of Education and Training
- KA220-SCH:School Education
- KA220-VET:Vocational Education
- KA220-ADU:Adult Education
- KA220-HED:Higher Education
Small-Scale Partnerships in Education and Training
Alliances for Innovation
Vocational Education Centers of Excellence
Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degrees
Capacity Building in Sports
Capacity Building in the Field of Higher Education
Capacity Building in the Field of Vocational Education
Capacity Building in the Field of Youth
KA3 – SUPPORT TO POLICY DEVELOPMENT AND COOPERATION
European Youth Together
2022 Call for Proposals for Erasmus+ Program https://ua.gov.tr/media/x5op33ub/2022_teklif_cagrisi.pdf has been published. Public or private organizations and non-governmental organizations operating in the fields of education, training, youth and sports can apply for funding under Erasmus+. Youth groups that are active in youth work but are not legal entities can also apply for funding.
Erasmus+ Program Guide: https://ua.gov.tr/media/vd1jqxhn/2022-erasmusplus-programme-guide.pdf
With the KA 131 and KA 171 Erasmus+ Higher Education Student and Staff Mobility activity, it is aimed for Higher Education students to experience the education-training environment in a different country and increase their achievements by taking education in a higher education institution located in the program countries in a part of their education life. This opportunity allows higher education students to study at a higher education institution abroad. Again, these mobility opportunities enable the teaching staff and administrative staff working in higher education institutions to participate in training and education activities. For detailed information, "ERASMUS+ MAIN ACTION 1: LEARNING MOBILITY OF INDIVIDUALS Student and Staff Mobility in Higher Education Between Program Countries and Partner Countries KA 131 Handbook for Higher Education Institutions 2021 Contract Term" can be examined (Appendix 1).